PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN MODERN WORLD

Автор(и)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35433/PhilosophicalSciences.2(88).2020.71-79

Ключові слова:

science, techno-science, engineering, technology, nanotechnology, philosophy, philosophy of engineering, philosophy of education, transformation, society.

Анотація

Issues related to the cardinal changes taking place in modern science and social practice and their significant effects on research issues in the field of theoretical and social philosophy, philosophy of science and philosophy of technology are highlighted. It is substantiated that the radical transformation of science (its transformation into techno-science) and its role in society inevitably leads not only to the destruction of demarcation lines between scientific and nonscientific knowledge and the replacement of scientific theories with discourses created in nonscientific practices, but also significantly affects all spheres of society. life - production, culture, education, etc.

In modern conditions, the influence of constantly changing and improving technologies on the physical, mental, intellectual and other meanings of society and man actualizes philosophical research in this area. One of the reasons for this is the uniqueness of the modern stage of scientific and technological development of society, which is often referred to as "techno-science". The current situation in science, which has entered the era of post-classical science, requires an interdisciplinary, even transdisciplinary approach and an integrating unity of natural, technical and sociohumanitarian fields for the development of scientific knowledge. The basis of such unity should be provided by philosophical knowledge, which is a much more complex type of unity than a simple reduction to a single beginning. Since it is philosophy, while remaining the most free type of thinking.

Today there is a kind of return of metaphysics to science. The point is that scientists in their reasoning quite often go to the so-called metaphysical section, or rather forced to come to such an interpretation of certain concepts that is similar to the metaphysical. This is possible due to the fact that, despite the independence of the spheres of philosophy and science, their boundaries are not completely impenetrable. Which, by the way, is not surprising, since all sciences in one way or another came out of philosophy, generated by it and cultivated by it. Another interpretation of the connection between science and philosophy is possible. It consists in the fact that both philosophy and science exist in a single space, in a single field of meanings. Therefore, modern philosophy must not only respond quickly to the radical changes taking place in all spheres of social life, but also to anticipate the main trends, prospects and especially the humanitarian and ecosocial consequences of these changes.

Біографії авторів

K. M. Vergeles, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya

Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Professor

P. L. Kulish, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya

Candidate of Philosopchical Sciences, Associate Professor

T. Yu. Shkolnikova, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya

Senior Lecturer

T. M. Vergeles, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya

Lecturer

Посилання

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Latour, B. (1987). Science in Actin. How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society. N. Y.: Harvard University Press (in English).

Nordmann, A. (2006) Collapse of Distance: Epistemic Strategies of Science and Technoscience. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy, 41, 7–34 (in English).

O'Malley, M. (2009) Making Knowledge in Synthetic Biology: Design Meets Kludge. Biological Theory, 4, 378– 389 (in English).

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Розділ

Social Philosophy